Coastal Regulation Zone

1991 To regulate development activity on India’s coastline The approach adopted by the first notification was to define the ‘High

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Wetland Conservation Programme, Ramsar Convention and The Montreux Record.

Wetland Conservation Programme Wetlands are lands transitional between terrestrial and aquatic system where the water table is usually near the

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Sustainable Development

Bruntland Report (1983) was the first publication and recognition of the term ‘Sustainable Development’ “meeting the needs of the present

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Important Environmental Treaties

Treaty Signed/Into force Major Points Aarhus Convention on Access to information for public participation in decision making and access to

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Convention on Biodiversity, Nagoya Protocol and Achii Targets

Convention on Biodiversity Opened for signature at the Earth Summit in 1992 and entered into force on December 29, 1993

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Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD)

Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) is a set of steps designed to use market/financial incentives in order

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CoP15 (Copenhagen Summit)

Main aim was to establish a global climate agreement for the period from 2012 when the first commitment period under

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Kyoto Protocol

The Kyoto Protocol has put in place three flexibility mechanisms to reduce emission of Green House Gases. Although the Protocol

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Inter-governmental action

IPCC UN Conference on Environment and Development (Earth Summit), 1992 Agenda 21 An action plan of UN relating to sustainable

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Climate Change Mitigation

Alternative Energy sources Renewable energy Nuclear Power Reduce the carbon intensity of fossil fuels Energy efficiency and conservation Transport and

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