De- Forestation. 4 marks 2008

Deforestation, clearance or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use. Examples of deforestation include conversion of forestland to farms, ranches, or urban use.

Deforestation comes in many forms, including fires, clear-cutting for agriculture, ranching and development, unsustainable logging for timber, and degradation due to climate change. This impacts people’s livelihoods and threatens a wide range of plant and animal species.

In India the rising population  has intensified the pressure on our already alarming forest resources and have led to there indiscriminate utilization. The problem of deforestation in Rajasthan have intensified the problem of Draught and desertification in its already water stressed western regions.

Reforestation and Agroforestry methods would help in reviving the enviornmental conditions in the state.