Poverty Alleviation Schemes

 

  • Poverty alleviation programmes can be in form of employment generation programmes or social assistance programmes so that different dimensions of poverty are addressed.
  • At present there are three centrally sponsored employment programmes in operation
    • MNREGS: Rural, wage employment
    • SGSY: Rural, self-employment
    • SJSRY: Urban, self and wage employment
  • MNREGS
    • 2006
    • Launched in 200 most backward districts in the first phase. At present 619 districts are covered under the NREGS
    • During 2008-09, 4.51 crore households were provided employment under the scheme
  • Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana
    • 1999 after restructuring the Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) and allied programmes, viz., Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA), Training of Rural Youth for Self-Employment (TRYSEM), Supply of improved tool-kits to rural artisans (SITRA), Ganga Kalyan Yojana (GKY) and Million Wells Scheme (MWS)
    • Self-employment programme for rural poor
    • Objective is to bring the assisted swarozgaris above the poverty line by providing them income generating assets through bank credit and government subsidy
    • Centre: State – 75:25; 90:10 for NE states
  • Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)
    • It is a unified centrally sponsored scheme launched a fresh in lieu of the erstwhile urban poverty alleviation programmes, viz, Nehru Rozgar Yojana (NRY), PM’s Integrated Urban Poverty Eradication Programme (PMIUPEP), and Urban Basic Services for the Poor (UBSP)
    • Revamped in 2009
    • Self-employment + Wage employment

 

  • The revamped SJSRY has 5 components
    • Urban Self-Employment Programme (USEP)
    • Urban Woman Self-help Programme (UWSP)
    • Skill Training for Employment Promotion amongst urban poor (STEP-UP)
    • Urban Wage Employment Programme (UWEP)
  • Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY):-National Mission for Financial Inclusion to ensure access to financial services, namely, Banking/ Savings & Deposit Accounts, Remittance, Credit, Insurance, Pension in an affordable manner.
  • Pradhan Mantri Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (PMSSY)
  • Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY):-To create an inclusive, sustainable and value based entrepreneurial culture, in collaboration with our partner institutions in achieving economic success and financial security.
  • Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY)
  • Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY)
  • Atal Pension Yojana (APY)
  • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
  • Pradhan Mantri Gram Sinchai Yojana (PMGSY)
  • Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojanaye (PMGKY)
  • Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana (PMJAY)
  • Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDUGKY)
  • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
  • Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods
  • End to end computerization of PDS
  • Bhamashah Yojana
  • Primary Health Centre (PHC) Scheme