Current Geopolitical Problems: For RAS/RTS Mains lattest updated syllabus

Geopolitical Conflict is the Military engagements and diplomatic crises between nations with global implications and which even threatens in extreme circumstance to the survival of humanity.Various types of Geopolitical Conflicts are as follows:-

Conventional War:-The engagement of two or more nations in military conflict, using conventional weapons to target military infrastructure and invade/defend sovereignty

Asymmetric War:- Military action, insurgency and violent resistance carried out between combatants of significantly different power, resources, and interests

Nuclear War:- Military Conflict pursued using nuclear weapons

Civil War:- Internal conflict within a country, including wars of succession and coups d’etat

External Force:- Blockades, No-Fly zones, missile attack or other military action by external forces to prevent national authorities pursuing internal policies deemed harmful or repugnant

 

Currently several geopolitical conflict zones across the globe are observed , Few of them are:-

  • Syrian Civil War The Syrian civil war is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict in Syria in which international interventions] have taken place. The war grew out of the unrest of the 2011 Arab Spring and escalated to armed conflict after President Bashar al-Assad’s government violently repressed protests calling for his removal. The war is now being fought among several factions: the Syrian Government, a loose alliance of Syrian Arab rebel groups, the Syrian Democratic Forces, Salafi jihadist groups (including al-Nusra Front) who often co-operate with the rebels, and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The factions receive substantial support from foreign actors, leading many to label the conflict a proxy war waged by both regional and global powers.

Syrian opposition groups formed the Free Syrian Army and seized control of the area surrounding Aleppo and parts of southern Syria.

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  • Russia and Turkey:- On 24 November 2015, Turkish F-16 combat aircraft shot down a Russian Su-24 during an airspace dispute close to the Turkish-Syrian border. In response, Russia imposed a number of economic sanctions on Turkey. These included the suspension of visa-free travel to Russia for Turkish citizens, limits on Turkish residents and companies doing business in Russia and restrictions on imports of Turkish products
  • Afghanistan and Pakisthan
  • India and Pakisthan
  • India and Nepal
  • South China Sea
  • Libyan Crisis
  • Sudan Internal ethnic conflict
  • Nigeria: Boko Haram terrorists
  • Iraq
  • Isreal and Palestine
  • EU: Inflow of refugees from West Asia & N.Africa
  • Iran and Saudi Arabia
  • Yemen
  • Russia and Ukraine
  • Greece and EU
  • Myanmar

Mazor Causes of Conflicts :-

Perhaps more than at any time in our history, our world is engaged in conflict. From the UK and USA engaged at war in Afghanistan and Iraq, through to insurgencies in Algeria, Burma and Columbia, civil wars in African nations, and conflict between people in China, Iran and Israel, we see that we are in a fragile landscape.

Over the past century, a number of facets of humanities development have contributed to this, including:

  • Economics: From early colonialism to modern capitalism, our western economic growth has often been at the detriment of other nations where, for example, we have aggressively acquired assets, created trade routes, or leveraged economic scale to source products, assets, and services artificially cheaply. These processes, while creating great wealth and development in Europe and the USA, have exacerbated poverty and economic inequality in many nations, creating a great deal of tension and potential for conflict.
  • Agriculture and Energy: Our world is hugely dependent on agriculture and energy. Both of these asset classes are in huge demand, with their protection and development becoming serious debate. Population and economic growth also puts huge strains on these assets, as our world comes close to consuming greater than is sustainable.
  • Technology: While technology has been a huge enabler for global development, it has also made our injustices and inequalities more visible to external and internal participants in any situation.
  • Climate Change: This is now becoming a real and significant issue with millions worldwide becoming displaced by climatic effects.
  • Religion, Governance, and Politics: These issues, and their allied topics of human rights, justice, and so forth have historically caused many of the world’s most significant conflicts, and continue to do so as often these issues are the most fundamental in the structure of a society.