Rajasthan Public Service Commission: for RAS/RTS Mains examination updated syllabus

Historical Perspective:-

At the time of formation of Rajasthan, the institution of Public Service Commission existed in only three of the 22 covenanting states viz. Jaipur, Jodhpur and Bikaner. The successor administration after the merger of the princely states promulgated an ordinance on 16th August,1949 establishing the Rajasthan Public Service Commission Ajmer. It was published in Raj. Gazette at 20th August, 1949 and it came into effect from this date. It provided for the abolition of the PSCs or other institution performing duties in the nature of those of a PSC in the constituent states. The ordinance also provided inter-alia, for the composition of the Commission, the staff and the functions of the Commission.

Initially the composition of the Commission was one Chairman and 2 Members. Sir S.K.Ghosh (also the then Chief Justice of Rajasthan) was appointed Chairman. Subsequently Shri DeviShankar Tiwari and Shri N.R.Chandorkar were appointed Members and Shri S.C. Tripathi (I.E.S), formerly a member of the Federal PSC was appointed as Chairman. In the year 1951, in order to regulate the working of the Commission, the Rajpramukh issued the following Regulations under the provisions of the Constitution of India.

  1. The Rajasthan Public Service Commission (Conditions of Service) Regulation,1951 and
  2. The Rajasthan Public Service Commission (Limitation of Functions) Regulation,1951.

Constitutional Perspectives:-

Article 315 states that there shall be a Public Service Commission for the Union and a Public Service Commission for each State.
Article 316 states about the Appointment and Term of office of Members

  •  The Chairman and other Members of a State Public Service Commission shall be appointed by the Governor of the State
  • A member of a State Public Service Commission shall hold office for a term of six years from the date on which he enters upon his office or until he attains, the age of sixty two years, whichever is earlier:
  • Provided that-(a) a member of a State Public Service Commission may, by writing under his hand addressed to the Governor of the State, resign his office.(b) a member of a Public Service Commission may be removed from his office in the manner provided in clause (1) or clause (3) of Article 317.
  • A person who holds office as a member of a Public Service Commission shall, on the expiration of his term of office, be ineligible for reappointment to that office.

Article  317 Removal of a member of a Public Service Commission

  •  Subject to the provisions of clause(3), the Chairman or any other member of a State Public Service Commission shall only be removed from his office by order of the president on the ground of misbehavior after the Supreme Court, on reference being made to it by the President, has, on inquiry held in accordance with the procedure prescribed in that behalf under Article 145, reported that the Chairman or such other member, as the case may be, ought on any such ground to be removed.

Article  320 states about the Functions of State  Public Service Commission
It shall be the duty of the  the State Public Service Commissions to conduct examinations, for appointments to the Services of the Services of the State .
The State Public Service Commission, as the case may be, shall be consulted-

  • on all matters relating to methods of recruitment to civil services and for civil posts;
  •  on the principles to be followed in making appointments to Civil Services and posts and in making promotions and transfers from one service to another and on the suitability of candidates for such appointments, promotions or transfers;
  • on all disciplinary matters affecting a person serving under the Government of a State in a civil capacity, including memorials or petitions relating to such matters;
  • on any claim by or in respect of a person who is serving or has served under the Government of a State  or under the Government of an Indian State, in a civil capacity, that any costs incurred by him in defending legal proceedings instituted against him in respect of acts done or purporting to be done in the execution of his duty should be paid out of the Consolidated Fund of the State;
  •  on any claim for the award of a pension in respect of injuries sustained by a person while serving under the Government of a State or  under the Government of an Indian State, in a civil capacity, and any question as to the amount of any such award, and it shall be the duty of a Public Service Commission to advise on any matters so referred to them and on any other matter which  the Governor of the State, may refer to them ;

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