The general structure of the administration in the district is in a series of tiers, usually three, sometimes four tiers. There will be one level which comprehends the whole district within its jurisdiction. It may be the Collector, the District Magistrate, or the Superintendent of Police or the district agricultural officer; it may be the chairman of the Zilla Parishad, or the district education officer, or the health officer and so on.
Secondly, there is usually an intermediate territorial level. Sometimes there are two intermediate levels in the large districts. The intermediate level can be the tahsil, or a sub-division, or a block, or a Panchayat Samiti, a circle inspector of agriculture and so on.
Then at the ground level, in the so-called grass-roots level, the village provides a convenient territorial jurisdiction. Here we have the village panchayat, the nyaya panchayat, the village headman, the village chaukidar, the village patwari, the village level worker – each an important element in the administration of the district.
The Sub-Divisional Magistrate is known as the Chief Civil Officer of the Sub-Division. In fact, he is a miniature Deputy Commissioner of the Sub-Division. He has direct control over the Tehsildars and Naib-Tehsildars and their staff. He has power to correspond directly with the Government departments at the district level in the routine matters. He performs executive, magisterial and revenue duties in the Sub-Division. An from his orders in judicial cases, pertaining to preventive chapters of the Code of Criminal Procedure, lies with the District and Session Judge. In revenue matters, he is Assistant Collector Grade-I, but under certain Acts, the powers of Collector have been delegated to him. His executive duties pertain to the maintenance of law and order, supervision of works relating to development, local bodies, motor taxation, report about passports, renewal of arms licenses, non-governmental organizations, sub-divisional establishment etc.
Tehisldar/ Naib- Tehsildar
The Tehsildar and the Naib-Tehsildar are the key officers in the revenue administration. These officers have the power of Collectors Grade-II. The Tehsildar and the Naib-Tehsildar performs the function of the Sub-Registrars for registration work of property. While deciding partition cases, the Tehsildar exercises powers of Assistant Collector Grade-I. As a senior revenue officer of the tehsil and overall Incharge thereof a Tehsildar has powers of co-ordination and distribution of work among Circle Revenue Officer, the Naib-Tehsildar and himself.
All recommendations in lambardari cases, even in the revenue circles of Naib-Tehsildar, are routed through him to the Sub-Divisional Magistrate and the Deputy Commissioner. The Tehsildar and the Naib-Tehsildar are responsible for collection of land revenue and other dues payable to the Government. They are principally responsible for maintaining revenue records and crop statistics. To remain in touch with the subordinate revenue staff, to observe the seasonal conditions and conditions of crops, and to listen to the difficulties of cultivators, Tehsildars and Naib-Tehsildars have to tour extensively in the area of their respective jurisdiction.
They decide urgent matter on the spot, like correction of entries in the revenue records, providing relief to the people faced with natural calamities etc. On their return from tour, they prepare and forward their reports and recommendations to the government regarding suspension of land revenue and bring the record up-to-date. They also sit in the courts to settle dispute of tenancy, arrears of rent, ejectment of tenants, entries in account books etc.
For elections to Vidhan Sabha, a Tehsildar is invariably appointed as assistant returning officer for the constituency/constituencies falling in his tehsil.
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