The Bhagavad Gita , also referred to as Gita, is a 700–verse Dharmic scripture that is part of the ancient Sanskrit epic Mahabharata. This scripture contains a conversation between Pandava prince Arjuna and his guide Krishna on a variety of philosophical issues.Faced with a fratricidal war, a despondent Arjuna turns to his charioteer Krishna for counsel on the battlefield. Krishna, through the course of the Gita, imparts to Arjuna wisdom, the path to devotion, and the doctrine of selfless action. The Gita upholds the essence and the philosophical tradition of the Upanishads. However, unlike the rigorous monism of the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita also integrates dualism and theism.
The Central teaching of the Gita consists in its viewing ethical self-elevation as possible and its prescirption of different methods or paths to achieve that ideal. The aim of such self-elevation is the attainment of steadfastness in wisdom and internal peace or the state of being Brahman or Brahmic state, the union with the higher Self. The Self is said to be both a friend and foe for a man, depending upon its role in this ethical process. If the individual Self seeks union with the higher Self, it is deemed as a friend, and if it seeks the bondage of gunas, it is said to be a free.
Various values mentioned in GITA are as follows:-
- “AMANITVAM”: Absence of Self-Worship-fullness
- “ADAMBHITVAM”: Absence of pretence /Self-Glorification
- “AHIMSA”: Non-harmfulness to others at physical, verbal and mental levels.
- “KSANTI”: Attitude of Accommodation
- “ARJAVAM”: Straight-forwardness or Integrity
- “ACARYOPASANAM”: Service to the Acharya / Guru
- “SAUCAM”: Internal and External Cleanliness – cleanliness of both body and mind
- “STHAIRYATM”: Steadfastness (resolutely or dutifully firm towards knowing the Supreme Truth)
- “ATMAVINIGRAHA” Mastery over the Mind
- “INDRIYARTHESU VAIRAGYAM”: State of Dispassion towards the Objects of Sense gratification.
- “ANAHANKAR”A: Absence of Self-egotism (I, Mine, Myself)
- “JANMAMRITYU JARAVYADHI DUHKHA DOSA ANUDARSANAM”:Repeated Review of Process of Life-Death-Old Aging Ailments-Pain
- “ASAKTI”: Non-attachment to Worldly/ Material things.
- “ANABHISVANGA PUTRADARAGRHADISU”: Non-excessive Attachment towards son and wife (family)
Importance of Bhagvat Gita in Administration:-
- The philosophy contained in the Bhagavad Gita is today considered relevant and essential to our understanding of ourselves even in the western world. Leading business schools in the USA such as Kellogg have included the Bhagavad Gita as an elective subject in their curriculum. Terms such as ‘Karma Capitalism’, ‘Exit Plan’ and the likes are being explained on the basis of the teachings of Lord Krishna and the message of the Bhagavad Gita.
- Anasakta Karma states that work done without selfish expectations purifies one’s mind and gradually makes an individual fit to see the value of reason. He states that it is not necessary to remain in external solitude, or remain actionless, in order to practice a spiritual life, since the state of action or inaction is primarily determined in the mind.
- Each individual must discharge his or her duty before passing the business of maintaining the world on to those who follow. These duties may collectively be labelled loka-samgraha, which could etymologically be analyzed as ‘holding’ (from grah, to grasp) ‘together’ (sam) ‘the world’ (loka)
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